Regional Inventory

of Potential Accidental Risk Spots

in the Tisa catchment area

of Romania, Hungary, Ukraine & Slovakia

Prepared by the Permanent Secretariat of the ICPDR in cooperation with

Zinke Environment Consulting for Central and Eastern Europe, Vienna

August 2000

Foreword 

The government representatives from Romania, Hungary, Ukraine and Slovakia agreed at a Tetralateral Commission meeting held in Cluj (RO) on 23-24 May, 2000, to prepare national inventories of potential pollution sources (including their mapping) within the Tisa catchment area.

In June, the Permanent Secretariat of the International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR) in Vienna received the national contributions and made an evaluation producing the 1st Regional Inventory of Potential Accidental Risk Spots in the Tisa catchment area of Romania, Hungary, Ukraine & Slovakia, which was issued in July 2000. The objective was to identify those pollution sources, which may pose the most important transboundary accidental risks.

In the 1st Regional Inventory it was indicated that there were still some information gaps existing concerning a complete picture of the risk spots in the Tisa catchment area. Upon the request from the Permanent Secretariat additional information was received from Romania concerning risk spots in the Crisuri and Mures sub-basins. No additional data were obtained from the other countries. Based on this available information, the Regional Inventory of Potential Accidental Risk Spots in the Tisa catchment area of Romania, Hungary, Ukraine & Slovakia was completed by the Permanent Secretariat of the ICPDR.

This inventory and the ranking of the risk spots is based on information supplied by the officially authorised country representatives. This, however, does not indicate that the inventory does cover all sites, which might be the source of accidental environmental pollution or, which could pose a risk to waters in the Tisa catchment area. The completeness of the inventory and the proposed priority ranking should be reviewed by the Tetralateral Commission and the BMTF to assure the implementation of effective measures for future prevention of accidental pollution in the Tisa catchment area.


1. Introduction

Base material

The inventory was prepared using national criteria for activities with hazardous and polluting substances, and by arranging them into a prescribed format table (see Annex 3 of the Cluj Minutes). Priority should have been given to the mining industry. Only Romania responded adequately to this point, while the other countries have only few mining activities in this region.

It was further stated that the AEPWS Expert Group dealing with a "Methodology for Accidental Risk Inventory" and the Baia Mare Task Force shall prioritise the most hazardous activities and shall work out recommendations to improve the safety of installations.

All four countries provided the requested lists. However, these lists and their details differ in their completeness of information and volume. Hungary provided over 400 risk spots where most of them do actually not indicate a significant accidental risk; therefore the Hungarian list was substantially reduced. Romania provided equally comprehensive lists of pollution sources, which were not all taken into account in this inventory but reduced to follow the methodology agreed at the Cluj meeting. Therefore unofficial information concerning Romanian tailing ponds mentioned in the 1st Regional Inventory is now left out.

This regional inventory and ranking of accidental risks is based on four national risk evaluations, which in fact give extremely brief information on the kind of risk on each site, which are difficult to judge, especially at an international scale of comparison. However, the list provides the first-ever regional overview of the most risky industrial sites for all four Tisa river basin countries.

 

Methodology of the Regional Inventory

Based on the national information provided, three categories were chosen for the Tisa Regional Inventory:

+ High risk spots: The country information indicates directly or indirectly a high

accident risk (existing leakage etc.): Only these spots are indicated below and were

chosen for the regional map (attached)!

+ Lower risk spots: The information provided to ICPDR states a certain risk, or it is

incomplete (i.e. it does not exclude a potential "risk"): e.g. medium or low risk,

storage of large quantities (> 1,000 t) of hazardous substances etc. These spots are

given in the tables below.

+ Other spots: The country information provided does not indicate a major accident

risk of environmental pollution. These spots are only listed in the national reports

but not in this regional inventory.

  

Note to the numbering of ARS spots:

The numbers given in the present document refer first to the new ARS map number and then to those numbers given in the national inventories (attention: these numbers are not in one order, there are cases where e.g. number 1 is given twice within one national inventory). This reference will facilitate a comparison of the present evaluation with the national source documents.


2. Evaluation of documents provided by the four governments

2.1. Romania

43 spots storing potentially polluting substances were indicated by the Romanian Ministry for Waters, Forests and Environmental Protection. The regional assessment led to the following classification:

24 high risk spots:

+ 19 mining spots (16 tailing deposits/ponds, 3 mines)

+ 1 metal smelting plant

+ 1 pharmaceutical plant

+ 1 pulp & paper plant

+ 1 pig farm with risky biological ponds

+ 1 chemical industry (pond)

High Risk Spots in Romania
ARS Map no.
National number and sub-region
Industry Sector
Somes-Tisa Sub-basin
1
1. SC TERAPIA SA
Chemical (pharma)
2
2. SC AURUL SA (pond)
Mining
3
3. SM BORSA - Colbu Pond
Mining
4
4. SM BORSA - Novat Pond
Mining
5
5. SM BAIA MARE UP Central Flotation Unit, UP Sasar (pond)
Mining
6
6. SC ALLIED DEALS PHOENIX SA
Metallurgy
7
7. SM BAIA MARE - EM Baia Sprie (pond)
Mining
8
8. SM BAIA MARE - EM Cavnic (pond)
Mining
9
9. EM AURUM - Ilba Sector
Mining
10
10. SM BAIA MARE - EM Herja
Mining
11
11. CMNPN REMIN BAIA MARE - EM Turt (pond)
Mining
12
12. EM AURUM - Nistru Section
Mining
13
13.C.N.M.P.N. REMIN SA BAIA MARE Mining Subsidiary Rodna (pond)
Mining
14
14. SM BAIA MARE - EM Baiut (pond)
Mining
15
15. SC SOMES SA, Dej
Pulp & Paper
16
16. SC COMINEX NEMETALIFERE SA - Mining Subsidiary Aghires (ponds)
Mining
17
17. SC AGROCOMSUIN - SA BONTIDA (biological ponds)
Agric./Pig Farm
Crisuri Sub-basin
18
2.CNCAF Minvest, SC Devamin SA, Branch Mine Brad - U P Gurabarza, Râbita Pond
Mining
19
4.CNCAF Minvest, SC Devamin SA, Branch Mine B?ita - U P B?ita, Fânate Pond
Mining
Mures Sub-basin
20
2. SC BICAPA SA (pond)
Chemical
21
4. E.M. ABRUD (pond)
Mining
22
5. EM Rouia Montana (pond)
Mining
23
7. EM Baia de Aries (pond)
Mining
24
10. EM Coranda Certej (pond)
Mining

 

19 other industries appear to have a lower risk level:

+ 6 mining spots (5 tailing deposits/ponds, 1 mines)

+ 2 chemical industry plants

+ 4 oil production & processing plants

+ 1 sugar factory (operations halted in 2000!)

+ 3 pig farms

+ 1 chicken farm pit

+ 1 fertiliser plant

+ 1 municipal sewage station

Lower Risk Spots in Romania
National number and sub-region
Industry Sector
Somes-Tisa Sub-basin
18. SC ZAHARUL SA
Food
19. SC NUTRISAM SA SATU MARE Hogs farm Moftin
Agric./Pig Farm
Crisuri Sub-basin
1.CNCAF Minvest, SC Devamin SA, Branch Mine Brad -Sector Mine Barza
Mining
3.CNCAF Minvest, SC Devamin SA EM. Brusturi - U P Luncsoara (pond)
Mining
5. SC Bauxita Min SA, Dobresti Pond I
Mining
6. SC Nutrientul SA Ciumeghiu Farm
Agriculture
7. R.A. Apaterm, Cleaning station and biological ponds
Municipal Sewage
8. SC Sinteza SA, Liquid storage
Chemicals
9. SC Suinprod SA, Biological ponds
Agriculture
10. SN Petrom SA, Branch Suplacu de Barc?u - Oil field
Oil
11. SN Petrom SA, Branch Suplacu de Barc?u - Oil field and Gas Marghita
Oil
12. SC Petrolsub SA
Oil
13. SC Petrol Derna SA
Oil
Mures Sub-basin
1. SC AZOMURES SA - pond
Agriculture
3. SC UPSOM SA - pond
Chemicals
6. E.M. Iara - pond
Mining
8. EM Zlatna - pond
Mining
9. EM Deva - pond
Mining
11. SC SUINTEST SA Gorneati - biological ponds
Agriculture

 The complete information about these ARS is given in chapter 3.

 

2.2. Ukraine

19 spots of potentially polluting sources were indicated by the government, with the numbers 1 to 8 to still be checked again by ministry experts. In the inventory, the WGK values have still to be added. In the regional assessment, for the time being, all spots were included with the following classification:

6 high risk spots


+ 3 pulp & paper plants

+ 2 oil pipelines

+ 1 oil treatment plant

High Risk Spots in Ukraine
ARS Map no.
National number and sub-region
Industry Sector
1
1. Opened joint-stock company "Perechynskyi chemical timber industrial complex", State
Pulp & Paper
2
2. Opened joint-stock company "Svalyava chemical timber industry complex", State
Pulp & Paper
3
3. Opened joint-stock company "Velykobychkivsky chemical timber industrial complex", State
Pulp & Paper
4
6. "Prykarpattrans oilproduct", Russian Federation
Oil
5
7. "Druzhba", State
Oil
6
19. Platform 2/1 village Rososh, "Prykarpattrans naftoproduct", Russian Federation
Oil

 

13 other industries appear to have lower risk level:

+ 1 ore tailings dam from the metallurgical industry

+ 2 oil stocking companies

+ 10 municipal wastewater treatment plants.

Lower Risk Spots in Ukraine
National number and sub-region
Industry Sector
4. Fuel depot, "Nafroservice" company, State
Oil
5. Opened joint-stock company "Zakarpatyanaftoproduct- Chust", State
Oil
8. Zakarpatskyi polymetallic industrial complex, State
Metallurgy
9. Industrial management of water-supply and sewerage company of Uzhgorod, State
Municipal WWTP
10. Industrial management of water-supply and sewerage company of Mukachevo , State
Municipal WWTP
11. Industrial management of water-supply and sewerage company of Chust, State
Municipal WWTP
12. Rayon Industrial management of water-supply and sewerage company of Svalyava, State
Municipal WWTP
13. Industrial management of water-supply and sewerage company of Beregovo, State
Municipal WWTP
14. Industrial management of water-supply and sewerage company of Vynogradovo, State
Municipal WWTP
15. Industrial management of water-supply and sewerage company of Chop, State
Municipal WWTP
16. Industrial management of water-supply and sewerage company of Solotvyno, State
Municipal WWTP
17. Industrial management of water-supply and sewerage company of Tyachiv, State
Municipal WWTP
18. Opened joint-stock company "Rachivska cardboard factory", State
Municipal WWTP and pulp & paper

 

The complete information about these ARS is given in chapter 3.

2.3. Slovakia

16 spots of potentially polluting sources were indicated by the government. 12 were evaluated as having regional risk importance. These are:

1 high risk spot

+ mining industry

ARS Map no.
High Risk Spot in Slovakia
Industry Sector
1
12. Želba š.p. 02 Siderit, Rožava
Mining

 

11 lower risk spots:

+ 4 mining and related industry

+ 1 machinery industry

+ 3 chemical industries

+ 1 metallurgy industry

+ 1 energy production

+ 1 pulp & paper industry

Lower Risk Spots in Slovakia
Industry Sector
1. FINIŠ Spišská Nová Ves
Chemicals
3. Kovohuty - úpravna Slovinky
Metallurgy
5. VSŽ Ferroenergy Košice
Mining
7. Chemko Strážske, Michalovce
Chemicals
8. SE a.s. EVO Vojany, Michalovce
Energy
9. SWS Vojany, Bardejov
Chemicals
10. Tesla Stropkov, Bardejov
Machinery
11. Bukocel Hencovce, Vranov nad Toplou
Pulp & Paper
13. Magnetech Slovakia a.s., Hnúšta, Rimavska S.
Mining
14. Slovmag a.s. Lubeník, Revuca
Mining
15. SMZ Jelšava, Revuca
Mining

 The complete information about these ARS is given in chapter 3.

 

2.4. Hungary

The government has provided a package of 447 spots of potentially polluting sources, compiled by the 7 environment inspectorates (EI) in the Tisza catchment. The Environment Management Institute from Budapest then evaluated the survey and reduced the site number to 261, many of which were attributed to the hazard category III. Only 10 of all evaluated polluting sources belong to the mining sector: The report states that, except for three less relevant sites, there is no metal mine or processing of dead rocks, neither sludge deposit from metal processing nor mine water treatment in the Hungarian Tisza catchment. However, there are some deposits from "drilling-lubricating sludge" (exploration of hydrocarbons).

The comments given in column 10 of the Szolnok Inspectorate are partly abbreviations which were not explained; they still have to be checked!

In the inventory, the most risky spots seem to be:

11 high risk spots

+ 1 landfill with radioactive waste (Budapest Inspectorate)

+ 1 deposit with several mio. tons of slag and flying ash ( " )

+ 1 pond (flood hazard) of a sugar factory (Szolnok Inspector.)

+ 1 gasoline tank deposit ( " )

+ 1 complex of reservoirs with mine and industrial metal sludge (Miskolc Inspectorate)

+ 1 big reservoir of power plant slag and slurry ( " )

+ 4 oil storage installations ( " )

+ 1 power plant complex with big slurry and slag deposits ( " )

 

ARS Map no.
High Risk Spot in Hungary
Industry Sector
Budapest region
1
4. Landfill for radioactive wastes Püspökszilágy
Waste
2
6. HUNVIRON Kft. Pile from flying ashes, L?rinci
Energy
Szolnok region
3
1. Sugar factory Rt. Begin-Say (French)
Food
4
3. MOL Rt., Szajol Bázistelep
Oil
Miskolc region
5
22. HIDROTECH Bányászati- és Környezetvédelmi Kft., ÁPV Rt, Gyöngyösoroszi
Mining
6
30. AES Borsodi Energetikai Kft. Power Plant, AES Summit Generation Ltd., Kazincbarcika
Energy
7
78. Kolajtároló Rt., Tiszaújváros MOL Rt. Tiszai Finomító
Oil
8
79. Terméktároló Rt., Tiszaújváros MOL Rt. Tiszai Finomító
Oil
9
81. Columbian Tiszai Koromgyártó KFT, Columbian Chemical Company USA , Tiszaújváros
Oil
10
82. AES Tisza ereme KFT, AES SUMMIT Generation Ltd., Tiszaújváros
Oil
11
83. AES Borsodi Energetikai KFT Tiszapalkonyai Hue-reme, AES Áramtermele Holding, Tiszaújváros
Energy

 

 

54 other industries appear to have a lower risk level:

+ 1 landfill with hazardous waste (categ. I-II) (Budap. Inspect.)

+ 1 oily waste deposit ( " )

+ 1 mining tank car (Szeged Inspectorate)

+ 5 sludge piles from drilling with sodium-dichromate ( " )

+ 1 pig farm manure reservoir (Szolnok Inspectorate)

+ 7 storages of various chemicals for manufacturing ( " )

+ 1 fertiliser plant (")

+ 3 machinery industries (")

+ 3 gasoline tank deposits ( " )

+ 2 chemical deposit from pharmaceutics (Debrecen Inspect.)

+ 5 large reservoirs from food industry ( " )

+ 1 big mining deposit from drilling with potassium-humate (")

+ 2 reservoirs of pig farms ( " )

+ 9 deposits from pharma, machinery & energy/oil industries (")

+ 1 hazardous waste deposit ( " )

+ 1 fertiliser plant ( " )

+ 1 oil disposal site (Gyula Inspectorate)

+ 1 reservoir of oily sludge (Miskolc Inspectorate)

+ 2 municipal waste deposits ( " )

+ 1 sludge pond of an abandoned mine ( " )

+ 1 disposal site for hazardous waste ( " )

+ 1 sugar wastewater basin ( " )

+ 1 olefin production (several tanks with chemicals, wastewater basin) ( " )

+ 1 chemical plant with various storing tanks ( " )

+ 1 oil refinery (storage tanks) ( " )

+ 1 hazardous waste combustion site ( " )

+ 1 complex of 4 railway re-loading stations for chemicals (Nyiregyhaza Inspectorate)

+ 1 hazardous waste storage facility ( " )

 

Lower Risk Spots in Hungary
Industry Sector
Budapest region
5.Pyrus-Rumpold Rt. Landfill for hazardous wastes, Aszód-Galgamácsa
Hazardous waste
11.TERRAVITA Kft., Hatvan
Oil
Szeged region
42. MOL Rt. Kut. Term. Ág. Kutatás-1 Iroda, Algyö
Mining
57. ROTARY Fúrási Kft., Zsana
Mining
58. Köolajkutató Rt., Algyö
Mining
59. Köolajkutató Rt., Cserebökeny
Mining
60. Köolajkutató Rt., Kiszombor
Mining
61. Köolajkutató Rt., Ruzsa
Mining
Szolnok region
2. META Kft. Abádszalók
Agric. /Pigs
1. Elektrolux Lehel Kft. Svéd property Jászberény
Chemical
2. TVM Rt. Szolnok
Agric./fertiliser
3. Gyógyászati Segédeszközök Gyára Kisújszállás
Machinery
6. PANNÓNIA Rt. Kunszent-márton
Agric./fur
8. Holland Colors Kft. Dutch property Szolnok
Chemicals
9. Mol Rt. Szajoli basic site Szajol
Oil
10. Saltis Kft. Italian property Martfö
Chemicals
11. Metallo-globus Rt. Tarnaszentmiklós
Chemicals
12. CLAAS Hungária Kft. German property Törökszentmiklós
Machinery
14. Fémfel-dolgozó Rt. Mezötúr
Machinery
25. Terszol Szövetkezet Szolnok
Chemicals
31. Jász-Plasztik Kft. Jászberény
Chemicals
1. KUN-REHAB Kft. Kenderes
Oil
2. Magyar Honvédség Szolnok Repülötér
Oil
Debrecen region
2. ICN Magyarország Kft. Tiszavasvári
Chem./Pharmac.
3. Hortobágyi Vágóhíd Kft. Hortobágy
Food
4. BIG-COMPANY Kft. Balmazújváros-Telekföld
Food
5. MB Köolajkutató Rt. Suburb of Berettyóújfalu site N: 0772
Mining
9. Sugar Factory Co. in Kaba
Food
11. NAGISZ Rt. Hegedöslóré site of pig husbandry Nádudvar
Agriculture
12. Hajdúsági Agráripari Rt. site of pig husbandry Hajdúszoboszló
Agriculture
15. Nagisz Rt. Factory of Milk and Ice-cream Nádudvar
Food
16. NAGISZ Rt. Slaughterhouse and Meat factory Nádudvar
Food
17. BIOGAL Pharmaceutical Factory Co. Debrecen
Chem./Pharmac.
18. DAEWOO MGM Rt. Debrecen
Oil
19. TITÁSZ Rt. Debreceni Power Plant Ltd. Debrecen
Oil
20. Dispomedicor Rt. Debrecen
Machinery
22. GE HUNGARY Rt. Hajdúböszörmény Kinizsi tér 1.
Machinery
24. HAJDUKOMM Kft. Balmazújváros-László-háza
Chemicals
25. Hajdúsági Agráripari Rt. (Agrochemical Factory) Nádudvar
Agric./fertiliser
26. HTTV Ltd. Berettyóujfalu
Oil
29. Hajdú-Berstal Kft. Berettyóújfalu
Machinery
31. MOL Rt. BFL Logisztika Ebes
Oil
32. MOL Rt. Nagyhegyes
Oil
33. MÁVFAVÉD Ltd. Püspökladány
Agric./wood
Gyula region
5. Körös-Kör Kft. Ecsegfalva
Oil
Miskolc region
11. TERRA-VITA Kft., Eger
Oil
27. Kazincbarcika Múcsonyi út municipal solid waste landfill ÉHG. Rt. Kazincbarcika
Waste
34. Miskolc-Nádasrét municipal landfill for solid wastes REM Kft., Miskolc
Waste
57. Recski Ércbányák Rt., Recsk
Mining
62. Sajókaza-Határvölgy landfill for hazardous waste of category III
Hazardous waste
72. Szerencsi Cukorgyár Rt Szerencs
Food
75. Tiszai Vegyi Kombinát Rt., Tiszaújváros
Oil
76. Akzo Nobel Festékgyártó és Kereskedelmi Rt.
Tiszaújváros
Chemicals
77. MOL Rt. Tiszai Finomító, Tiszaújváros
Oil
80. Ecomissio KFT. Tiszaújváros
Chemicals
The complete information about these ARS is given in chapter 3.

 

3. High and Lower Risk Spots for Pollution Accidents in the Tisa Catchment of Romania, Ukraine and Slovakia

 

Detailed description of the high and lower risks spots, extracted from the national inventories:

 

Romania:High and Lower Risk Spots Somes-Tisa?pages 15-17

High Risk Spots Crisuri-Mures page 18

 

Ukraine:High Risk Spots pages 19-20

 

Slovakia: High Risk Spot page 21

Lower Risk Spots page 21 (excerpt!)

 

Hungary: High Risk Spots pages 22-25

 

Almost all Lower Risk Spots are not shown here in the www version!

 

ROMANIA - High Risk Spots in the Somes-Tisa Sub-basin

Company /

Owner

Location / district
Receiver watercourse;

length (km)

Company's object / type of technology used
Dangerous substances
Toxic

properties WGK

Total quantity handled / stored (metric tones)
Storage facilities
Free operating volume (%)
Comments
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
1. SC TERAPIA SA Cluj-Napoca/ Cluj
Somesul Mic (82)

Somes (244)

Drugs production
cyanides
R50
cyanide waters storage in 3 local stations - 20 cm/day 3 decianuration 3 reserve tanks - 20 cm/day -accidental leaches of cyanide waters over the platform
2. SC AURUL SA Baia Mare/ Maramures Lapus (5,2)

Somes (95)

Precious metal mining and processing /

cianuration

cyanide, heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Cu, Mn)
R50-53
2.400.000 flatland pond; slag made dam 84%-preci- pitation take-over volume 85.000 m3 -increased risk for cyanides and heavy metal ions

- spills, dam's cracks, transport pipes breakdown

3. SM BORSA

Colbu Pond

Baia Borsa / Maramures
Cisla (9,8)

Viseu (63)

Tisa (59)

Nonferrous ores mining and processing / flotation procedures
heavy metals
R50-53
2.880.000
flatland pond; slag made dam 15%takeover volume

for the precip. 9.000 m3

- high risk for heavy metals

-spills, dam's cracks and transport pipes breakdown

4. SM BORSA

Novat Pond

Baia Borsa/ Maramures
Novat (10)

Vaser (12)

Viseu (41)

Tisa (59)

Nonferrous ores mining and processing / flotation procedures
heavy metals
R50-53
1.810.000
flatland pond; slag made dam 92,5% take-over volume for precip. to be established after activity resuming - high risk for heavy metals

- spills, dam's cracks

5. SM BAIA MARE UP Central Flotation Unit, UP Sasar Baia Mare/ Maramures
Lapus (5,6)

Somes (95)

Nonferrous ores processing / flotation procedures cyanide,

heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Cu, Mn)

R50-53
41.000.000
flatland pond; slag made dam
22%

takeover volume

for the precip. 120.000 m3

- medium risk for cyanide and heavy metals

-spills, dam's cracks, transport pipes breakdown

6. SC ALLIED DEALS PHOENIX SA Baia Mare / Maramures
Sasar (13,5)

Lapus (6)

Somes (95)

Nonferrous smelting, reactives producetion heavy metals, sulphuric acid
R14 R21
H2SO4 tank - 10.000 t

silt pond -

2.600 m3

 
20%

20%

- medium risk for H2SO4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
7. SM BAIA MARE

EM Baia Sprie

Baia Sprie/ Maramures
Sasar (19)

Lapus (6)

Somes (95)

Nonferrous ores mining and processing / flotation procedures
heavy metals
R50-53
13.221.000
flatland pond; slag made dam
7% takeover volume

for the precip. 30.000 m3

- medium risk for heavy metals ion pollution

- spills, dam's cracks, transport pipes breakdown

8. SM BAIA MARE

EM Cavnic

Cavnic / Maramures
Cavnic (24,5)

Lapus (37,7)

Somes (95)

Nonferrous ores mining and processing / flotation procedures
heavy metals
R50-53
850.000
flatland pond; slag made dam
69%takeover volume

for the precip. 12.000 m3

- medium risk for heavy metals ion pollution

- spills, dam's cracks, transport pipes breakdown

9. EM AURUM,
Ilba Sector
Baia Mare (Ilba) / Maramures
Ilba (7)

Somes (84,5)

Nonferrous ores processing heavy metals from mine waters
R50-53
  -intermediary storage for packed silt

-mine waters

-unproper purification

  - medium risk for heavy metals ions pollution
10. SM BAIA MARE

EM Herja

Baia Mare/ Maramures
Firiza (5)

Sasar (14)

Lapus (6)

Somes (95)

Nonferrous ores mining
heavy metals
R50-53
  -mine waters

-reduced and unproper purification

  - medium risk for heavy metals ions pollution
11. CMNPN REMIN BAIA MARE

EM Turt

Turt /

Satu Mare

Turt (18)

Tur (68)

Tisa (820)

Complex nonferrous ores mining without processing heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Zn)
R43,47,50

R54-58

  2,2 milions m3
100%
- stalling pond not operating

- processing plant in construction

12. EM AURUM
Nistru Section
Baia Mare (Nistru) / Maramures
V.Rosie (3,5)

Baita (12)

Lapus (2)

Somes (95)

Nonferrous ores processing heavy metals from mine waters
R50-53
  -mine waters

-reduced and unproper purification

  - medium risk for heavy metals ions pollution

- breakdown of the silt # water transport pipes at Bozanta pond

13.C.N.M.P.N. REMIN SA BAIA MARE

Mining Subsidiary Rodna

Rodna /

Bistrita Nasaud

Somesul Mare

(560)

Nonferrous ore mining and processing

(Pb, Zn)

Storage of the slag

heavy metals

(Pb, Zn)

R50-53
6.300.000 slag (at final quota #740)

2.737.930 stored quantity, until #720 m quota

Stalling pond: valley - type pond, with main dam built on slag

and aditional toe dam

56%
- medium risk level

- stability coefficient 1,4

- wide general angle of the slope 34

- leaches over the main dam, in case of malfunc-tion of the water evacua-tion system

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
14. SM BAIA MARE

EM Baiut

Baiut / Maramures
Lapus (110)

Somes (95)

Nonferrous ores mining and processing / flotation procedures
heavy metals
R50-53
3.650.000
flatland pond; slag made dam
8,7%

takeover volume

for the precip. 25.000 m3

- medium risk for heavy metals ions pollution

- spills, dam's cracks, transport pipes breakdown

15. SC SOMES SA Dej / Cluj
Somes (233)
Pulp and paper prcessing
organic substances, lignine, tanine
R52
110 t/year
silt storage
70%
-floods and high waters
16. SC COMINEX NEMETALIFERE SA Mining Subsidiary Aghires Aghires / Cluj
Nadas (20)

Somesul Mic (82)

Somes (244)

Caolin sands and metalurgic sands

mining

suspensions
R52
100.000 t/year
3 stalling ponds
41%
- floods, landslides, dam's cracks

- instant power breakdown

- breaking of the effluent pipe, which evacuates the residual waters from the pond

17. SC AGROCOMSUIN

SA BONTIDA

Bontida / Cluj
Somesul Mic (42)

Somes (244)

Hogs farm
organic

substances, amonium, suspensions

R52
36.000 t/year
4 biologic ponds
semi-siltated ponds
- exfiltrations or cracks at the biologic ponds

 

ROMANIA - Lower Risk Spots in the Somes-Tisa Sub-basin

18. SC ZAHARUL SA Carei /

Satu Mare

Postei (2)

Crasna (53)

Tisa (820)

Sugar processing from sugar beetle by diffusion technology oxygen consummer substances, suspensions (CCOCr)
R52
76.500 m3
120.000 m3
64%
- operations halted (since 2000) for a undetermined period
19. SC NUTRISAM SA SATU MARE

Hogs farm Moftin

Moftin / Satu Mare
Crasna (66)

Tisa (820)

Intensive livestock rising - hogs oxygen consummer substances, suspensions (CCOCr) fenols
R52
2.800 m3
6.000 m3
60%
- biologic pond used only in case of maintenance or revision procedures at the epuration installation

ROMANIA - High Risk Spots in the Crisuri and Mures Sub-basins

CRISURI HYDROGRAPHIC SUB-BASIN

Company /

Owner

Location/

district

Receiver

Water-course

length (km)

Company? s object/type of technology

used

Dangerous

substances

Toxic

properties

WGK

Total quantity handled/ stored (t, m?)
Storage facilities
Free operating volume

(%)

Comments
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
2.CNCAF Minvest

SC Devamin SA

Branch Mine Brad

- U P Gurabarza

Pond Râbita

Brad

Hunedoara

Crisul Alb

(41,5)

Copper and gold ore processing /

flotation procedures

cyanide,

heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Cu,Mn)

R 50-53 8 700 000 m? Slope pond, sterile dike

10 000 000 m?

13 % - medium risk for cyanides and heavy metal ion pollution

- spills, dam cracks, trans-port pipes break-down

4.CNCAF Minvest

SC Devamin SA

Branch Mine B?ita

- U P B?ita

Fânate Pond

Stei

Bihor

Crisul B?ita (13), Crisului Negru (27) Non-ferrous ore mining and processing/

Flotat. procedures

cyanide,

heavy metals

(Cu, Zn,Pb)

R 50-53 2 553 000 m? slope pond, sterile dike

3 010 000 m?

15 % - medium risk for cyanides and heavy metal ion pollution

- spills, dam cracks, transport pipes break-down

MURES HYDROGRAPHIC SUB-BASIN

2. SC BICAPA SA Târnaveni

Mures

Târnava Micö (136) Production of anorganics - cyanide

- Cr6+

R50 - 53 Storage 1.000.000 t Silt storage; flatland pond   - high risk of contamination with cyanide and Cr6+
4. E.M. ABRUD Abrud

Alba

V. Sesei (2)

Aries (66)

Nonferrous (Cu) ore mining and processing - heavy metals

-suspensions

- acid solutions

R50- 53 27.568.410 tons Flatland pond;

Rock made dam;

74 % - high risk for heavy metal;

- low effic. of flatland

5. EM Rojia Montan Roia Montana

Alba

V. Sölitei (22)

Abrud (17)

Aries (49)

Nonferrous (Au) ore mining and processing - heavy metals

- acid solutions

- suspensions

R50 - 53 407.000 t/year

Storage 6.666.700 m3

Flatland pond ;

Slag and rock made dam;

mine waters

35 % - high risk for heavy metal pollution;

- acid mine waters

7. EM Baia de Aries Baia de Aries

Alba

V. Cuii (1)

V.Sart (5)

Aries (74)

Complex non-ferrous ore mining processing; flotation procedures - heavy metals

- cyanides

- suspensions

R50 - 53 436.000 t/year

Storage 1.400.000 t

Flatland pond

slag made dam;

mine waters

66 % - high risk for heavy metal and cyanide pollution
10. EM Coranda Certej Certej

Hunedoara

Certej (16)

Mures (484)

Nonferrous ore mining - heavy metals

- suspensions

R50 - 53 Storage 8.000.000 t Flatland pond;

Slag made dam

4.800.000 t - high risk for heavy metal pollution ;

UKRAINE: High Risk Spots

Inventory of the potential pollution sources (Ukraine)

No.
Name of the company,

owner

Location/

district

Recipient river (length of stream in km)
Company activities/

type of production processes

Dangerous substances
Toxic properties

(WGK values)

Total amount dangerous substances handled/stored (tons)
Storage facilities
Free operatio-nal volume (%)
Remarks
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
1.
Opened joint-stock company "Perechynskyi chemical timber industrial complex",

State

town Perechyn
stream Dmorach,

Uzh (0,3)

Chemical timber processing, charcoal production
phenols
 
1200
metal tanks
75
Medium (spillage from the tanks)
2.
Opened joint-stock company "Svalyava chemical timber industry complex"

State

city Svalyava
r.Latorutsya

115

Chemical timber processing, charcoal production
phenols
 
1500
metal tanks
5
High (spillage from the tanks)
3.
Opened joint-stock company "Velykobychkivsky chemical timber industrial complex",

State

town Vel.Bychkiv, Rachivskyi rayon
r. Shopurka

Tisza (0,5)

 

Chemical timber processing, charcoal production
phenols
 
1800
metal tanks
0
High (spillage from the tanks due to corrosion)
6.
"Prykarpattransoilproduct", Russian Federation
vill. Dubrynychi, Perechynskyi rayon
  1. Uzh
Oil pipe-lines
Oil products
        High. Pipe-lines burst, oil spillage
7.
"Druzhba"

State

city L’viv
r. Pynya,

Latorytsya

Oil pipe-lines
Oil products
        High. Pipe-lines burst, oil spillage
19.
Platform 2/1 village Rososh, "Prykarpattransnafto-

product",

Russian Federation

village Rososh
r. Rososh
Treatment facilities physical-chemical treatment
Oil products
        Medium,

Accidental discharge of non treated wastes

 

UKRAINE - Lower Risk Spots

4.
Fuel depot, "Nafroservice" company,

State

village Novoselytsya,

Perechynskyi rayon

stream Bezimennyi.

Uzh (5)

Fuel storage
Oil products
24000
metal tanks
90
Low
5.
Opened joint-stock company "Zakarpatyanaftoproduct-Chust",

State

city Chust
r. Tizsa

0,3

Fuel storage
Oil

products

 
metal tanks
  Low
8.
Zakarpatskyi polymetallic industrial complex,

State

vill. Muzhievo
r. Borzhava

10

Polymetallic ore processing
   
Tailing dam

96,000 m3

95
Low

Dam break or over-spillage of non-treated wastes

Slovakia: High Risk Spot

Inventory of potential pollution sources in the Slovak part of the Tisa river basin
No.
Name of
Locality (region)
Recipient River (length
Activities of company

(type of production,

Dangerous

chemical substances

Amount of chem. Substances/year
WRC
Storing
Comment
company
of stream in km)
used technology)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
12
Želba š.p. 02 Siderit Rožnava Slaná (66,4 ) * Siderite mining As 0,144% 3 984 911 m3 3 sludge- heavy metals
Nižná Slaná and processing Pb 0,009% silted sludge 2 drying bed are bound
Zn 0,004% 1 to the sludge
in sludge

 

Slovakia: Lower Risk Spots

Name of
Locality (region)
Recipient River (length
Activities of company

(type of production,

used technology)

Dangerous
WRC
Amount of chem. Sub-stances /year
Storing
company
of stream in km)
chemical substances
1
2
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
FINIŠ Spišská Nová Spišská Nová Ves Hornád (130 ) * Synthetic and cotton
no actual information
Ves material production
2
Želba Rudnany Košice - Rudniansky creek Mining and processing oils and fats
1
21,62 t reservoir
surroundings (0,6) of baryte ore H2SO4
1
41,77 t reservoir
Hornád (121,5) * oleic acid
1
50,24 t reservoir
polyethylene glycol
1
4,75 t reservoir
NaOH
1
4,15 t reservoir
praestol 0,55 t reservoir
hexametaphosphate
2
4,1 t reservoir
Sludge with heavy metals reservoir
3
Kovohuty - úpravna Spišská Nová Ves Slovinský p. (5,5 ) raw ore processing
Slovinky Hornád (98,8) * no registrated resource

Hungary: High Risk Spots

Name and proprietor of the company
Settlement and EOV co-ordinates
Endangered watercourses – RECEIVER OF THE DISCHARGES

(km)

ACTIVITY, technology
List of HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES
TOXIC PORPERTIES –

R VALUES, WGK hazard categories

QUANTITIY OF MATERIALS (tons)
STORING FACILITIES
FREE OPERATING VOLUME (%)
COMMENTS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.a
6.b.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Regional Environmental Inspectorate, Budapest

4.?Landfill for radioactive wastes Püspökszi-lágy SZILÁGY BROOK– (Galga 29,8) – ((Zagyva 91,3)) – (((Tisza 335,5))) Disposal of radioactive wastes no storage of chemicals in a scale of 1000 tons SPECIAL DEPOSITS AND TANKS Licensed landfill posing hazard in case of emergency
6. HUNVIRON Kft. pile from flying ashes L?rinci Zagyva 110,0 – (Tisza 335,5) In the area of the flying ash pile of the Lorinci Power Plant besides the waste from the Plant there are different waste of III hazard category no storage of chemicals Several million tons of slag and flying ash DEPOSIT It may pose risk in case of disaster

Közép-Tisza vidéki Regional Environmental Inspectorate, Szolnok

1.
Sugar factory

Rt.

Begin-Say French proprietor

Szolnok

X: 200

Y: 735

Tisza (332) production, of sugar

storage of industrial waste water

Waste water from sugar production with organic nitrogen content    
700 000
Depositor of reinforced concrete inside the factory, reservoirs made of earth in flood zone 20 % P1 High risk due to conditions of the dams of the reservoirs located in flood zone of the Tisza
3.
MOL Rt. Szajol

Bázistelep

X: 201 000

Y:744 500

Alcsi Holt-Tisza (10 km)

Tisza (337+200 km)

Storage and trade of crude oil products gasoline, petrol, motor oils
10, 11, 12, 45
2
550E m3 storing capacity Tanks above and below the surface   P1 Risk due to receiver in vicinity & to capacity

Regional Environmental Inspectorate Miskolc

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.a
6.b.
7.
8.
10.
22. HIDROTECH Bányászati- és Környezetvédelmi Kft.
Proprietor:
ÁPV Rt
Gyöngyösoro-szi

Toka 5
Gyöngyös 23,1
Tarna 12,8
Zagyva 59,2
Tisza 395,6
Treatment of water from the mine, activity from liquidation metal sludge
(Fe, Mn, Zn, Cd, As, Pb)
22, 23, 51 2 167.884 m3 Reservoir for slurry in Bence-völgyi
(300.000 m3)
X: 280.800
Y: 711.800
kb. 50 No direct risk to the river Tisza.
Valley is closed with dead rock from the mine. No proper tech-nical protection, improvement under preparation
Water from the with high metal content (3500m3/day) 1 10.510 m3 9400 m3 and
6110 m3 capacity depositing basins made of dead rock X: 280.600
Y: 711.500
10 No direct risk to the river Tisza.
Reservoir made of dead rock from mine. No proper technical protection, im-provement un-der preparation against leakage
Reservoir for industrial water and sludge with heavy metal content: Fe, Mn, Zn, Cd, As, Pb) 1 200- 280.000 m3 water and 100-120.000 m3 sludge with heavy metals 300.000 m3 reservoir in closed valley
X: 278.000
Y: 712.000
10 No direct risk to the river Tisza.
1/3 part of the reservoir is mud High metal content.
30. AES Borsodi Energetikai Kft. Borsodi Power Plant
Proprietor:
AES SUMMIT GENERATION Ltd.
Kazincbarcika Sajó 85
Tisza 492
Power Plant electric energy and heat operated with coal Reservoir for slag and slurry with metal content /Cu, Cd, Cr, Pb, V/ and As 1 17 400 000 t Slurry cassettes without technical protection 0 No direct risk to the river Tisza.
Average metal content of the slurry: 100-150 mg/kg, average arsenic content 176 mg/kg
Light heating oil 10, 40 2 175 t Tank of steel above surface 5
Transformer oil /no PCB content/ 10, 40, 45 2 212 t Open air transformers 100 All transformer provi-ded with concrete base
s-Szuha 4,8
Sajó 76,1
Tisza 492
Water discharge from the Power Plant Rainfall from the slurry site and the boilers 0 0 1900 m3/day Drained in a circling ditch made of earth The amount of hazardous sub-stances relates to the average quantity of discharged water
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.a
6.b.
7.
8.
10.
78. Kőolajtároló Rt. Tiszaújváros MOL Rt. Tiszai Finomító Tisza 483+600 Storage Crude oil 11, 45 2 136.000 Metal tank above the surface 0 Risk to Tisza, classification is necessary. Basin with metal circle
79. Terméktároló Rt. Tiszaújváros MOL Rt. Tiszai Finomító Tisza 483+600 Storage Petrol 11 2 92.000 Metal tank above the surface 4 Risk to Tisza, classification is necessary. Basin with metal circle.
Gasoline 10,
20 - 21, 40
2 100.000 Metal tank above the surface 0 Basin with metal circle.
81. Columbian Tiszai Koromgyártó KFT
Proprietor:
Columbian Chemikal Company USA
Tiszaújváros
Tisza 484 Production industrial soot of oil oil 10, 40, 45 2 5200 Tank above the surface 50 Risk to Tisza, classification is necessary Placed in basin
82. AES Tisza erőmű KFT
Proprietor:
AES SUMMIT Generation Ltd.
Tiszaújváros
Tisza 490 Production of electric energy, gas fuelled power plant Turbine oil 10, 45 2 141 Tank above surface and in oil-cooling system in the technology 10 Risk to Tisza, classification is necessary Reinforced basin
Transformer oil 10, 45 2 274 In transfor-mers & barrel 0
heating oil 10, 45 2 105,3 In the system 0
Treatment of waste water (municipal & industrial) Organic material, oil 1 474 m3 Reinforced basin 10
Heavy metals 1 400 m3
Tiszaújváros
heating oil 10, 45 2 260,000 Tank above the surface 50 Basin
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6a 6b 7 8 9 10.
83. AES Borsodi Energetikai KFT Tiszapalkonyai Hőeőerőmű

Proprietor: AES Áram-termelő Hol

Tiszaújváros
Tisza 483 Production of electric energy and heat 50 Potential risk to the Tisza, classification is necessary. Reinforced basin
Transformer oil 10, 45 2 242
waste water treatment Organic material 1 170 m3 Reinforced concrete basin 15
Slurry water 1 800,000 m3 Slurry site 5 Without techni-cal protection, made of clay produced at site
Slag, flying ash 1 14,000,000

The details for almost all Lower Hot Spots of the Tisa region are not shown
in the www version of this document. For the complete list of all Lower Hot
Spots please contact our office!

 


BackBack to Previous